11th World Congress on Cell Science, Stem Cell Research & Regenerative Medicine
December 7 - 8, 2018 - Chicago IL US
Gene therapy is defined as a set of strategies that modify the expression of an individual’s genes or repair abnormal genes. Each strategy involves the administration of a specific nucleic acid (DNA or RNA). Nucleic acids are normally not taken up by cells, thus special carriers; so-called 'vectors' are required. Vectors can be of either viral or non-viral nature whereas Cell therapy is defined as the administration of living whole cells into the patient for the treatment of a disease. The origin of the cells can be from the same individual (autologous source) or from another individual (allogeneic source). Cells can be derived from stem cells, such as bone marrow or induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), reprogrammed from skin fibroblasts or adipocytes. Stem cells are applied in the context of bone marrow transplantation directly. Other strategies involve the application of more or less mature cells, differentiated in vitro (in a dish) from stem cells.